Rainforests are the forests who get the high rainfall throughout the year between 1750-2000 mm. The monsoon trough plays an important role in creating these rain forests. Rainforests have a large amount of unique plants, animals, insects and microorganisms and some are still undiscovered. These rainforests are the jewels of the Earth, because natural medicines are there and 28% of oxygen turnover is because of them. Normally rainforests have two types that are tropical and temperate rainforest.
There are a large number of rainforests in the world, and they affect our global climate very much due to the fact that they absorb a vast quantity of carbon dioxide, they are a source of timber and animal products for us, they are also tourist attractions. So people here we have this list about the top 10 rainforests of the world and if you ever get a chance to visit them, you really should do that!
10. Emas National Park and Chapada Dos Veadeiros, Brazil
These are located in the Center-West Region of Brazil and have a cerrado ecosystem and have a large amount of unique wildlife in it. Animals like the giant anteater, giant armadillo, maned wolf, and jaguar and pampas deer are present there. These are known for their rich vegetation and wildlife.
9. Sinharaja Forest, Srilanka
This is located in the south-west Sri Lanka. It has more than 60% of endemic and rare trees. They have the most unique species of birds and animals. This is known as the virgin forest with natural streams, springs, rivers, waterfalls, animals like leopard, monkeys, insects like butterflies and moths and has the plants like medicinal herbs and rare trees and shrubs.
8. Montecristo cloud Forest, El Salvador
7. The Monteverade Forest, Costa Rica
This one has a canopy-level cloud cover and a continuous supply of moisture which raises the plant production here. This forest is abundant with vegetation and unique animals including reptiles, mammals and birds like three-wattled bellbird, bare-necked umbrellabird, keel-billed toucan, long tailed manakin and howler monkeys.
6. The Mount Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia
This park is the botanical paradise of flora and fauna and has variety or species of plants like 4,500 and 289 species of birds and 290 types of butterflies including the Kinabalu Giant red Leech and Giant Earthworms.
5. Sapo National Park, Liberia
This is also a virgin rainforest and a humid one, they have the unique species of vegetation like choleras and flesh-eating micro-organisms. But this one is really a human threat forest like while visiting this place, inform the authorities before going there.
4. Alaska’s rainforests
These are the temperate type rainforests and have the unique species of plants and animals here like the tall stands of spruce, hemlock and cedar trees and mosses, wild flowers and berries of different types are found here. This one is really perfect for the nature lovers. image source: www.elisetomlinson.com
3. The Amazon Rainforests
This one is called the home to the largest rainforest of the earth. This covers the 40% of the South American continent that includes countries like Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname. This is made of different types of ecosystems and vegetation types like rainforests, seasonal forests, deciduous forests, flooded forests and savannas.
2. Ecuador’s Cloud forests
This is lush and cooler than the lowland rainforests and these have less mammal species but have the El Monte reserve of Central American Agouti, Ocelot, Margay, Red Brocket Deer, Paca, Tayra, Andean Coati, Three-Toed Sloth and White Fronted Capuchin Monkeys.
1. Daintree, Australia
They have the coolest reef system and is a tropical rainforest. It is said that they contain 30% of the frogs, marsupial and reptile species plus 65% of bat and butterfly species and 18% bird species are found here. Over 12000 species of insects are also found in this rainforest.