Cotton is the oldest fiber recorded in history for over 7000 years. In fact, it is a natural fiber being produced and harvested from cotton plants across the globe. It commonly belongs to the mallow family where you could see delicate yet beautiful sets of flowers that sprout in most of the cotton plants. It can be smoothened, straightened, knitted, dyed, and woven after separating it from the seeds. It could serve as linens or fabrics, towels, denim, robes, socks, t-shirts, underwear, cotton papers, and for medical purposes, medical cotton. Hence, its seed could serve as vegetable oil. Let us check the top cotton producing countries that are richly blessed with this natural fiber according to bales, which is a type of measurement that is equivalent to 500 lbs or 226.8 kg.
Based on 2011 reports, it has produced 1.4 million bales. In fact, according to history, this is one of the primary products of Greece since 1980s, which have been developed for more than 2 decades ago.
They have five regions that have average cotton crop of 545,000 hectares that is composed of Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap, and Mary. They have produced 1.6 million bales at its current report.
There is a wide gap of cotton that has been exported and harvested this year, which is approximately counted at 2.8 million bales. In fact, they are the primary producers of premium cottons wherein they are serving various hotels. They also generate about 80% of cotton across the globe.
The largest part of the Northern Region in Australia is composed of areas where you could find regions and districts that consistently produce high volumes of cotton wherein it actually reached 4.2 million bales this year, 2011.
In 2009, it was cited as the second largest producer of cotton. Nonetheless, it has reached 4.6 million of bales this year. Moreover, about one-third of employment in this country is in the cotton labor force, which is divided in farms, factories, and other significant areas of the same job scope.
Despite of the controversies that involve Brazil and United States regarding subsidies of American and Brazilian Cotton farmers, they were able to settle the disputations. Although prices are increased due to the low supply of cotton, Brazil was able to produce 9.3 million bales for 2011.
Although floods and monsoon rains affected the Sindh province of Pakistan that has nearly destroyed 75% of cotton industry two months ago, the country still ranked the fourth spot for achieving 10.30 million bales for 2011. In fact, cotton occupies a large portion in their agrarian reform that greatly boosts up the economic condition of the country.
3. United States
Its ranking is playing consistently between the second and third spot. For this year, it reached the third spot for recording 18.0 million of bales of cotton. In fact, in recent U.S. export sales, there is a continuous sideway pattern, which is going up.
India was able to redeem their cotton agriculture back, despite of the downfall that it did experience in the 18th and 19th century, during the establishment of the colonial rule. They are producing cotton yarns and raw cottons. With 27.0 million bales recorded in 2011, the second spot is their clear rank following China.
1. People’s Republic of China
It is the biggest producer in the world with its 26% of production against India that just garnered 22%. This year, it has produced 33.0 million bales. Although according to history, cotton was introduced in China 2000 years ago, wherein production of it was established and encouraged by the government while offering subsidies and procurement funds.