There are a number of countries and regions that have always experienced high immigration rates. The UK, US, France, Germany and several other developed regions are included in this regard. While some people consider immigration as a sign that their economies are flourishing, most people consider this as a threat to their social and financial wellbeing. In order to estimate and analyze the effects of high immigration rates, there are some strategies that can be used. Firstly, it is imperative to perform a cost and benefit analysis. As suggested in the title, the UK employment markets will be the center of this analysis. International migration can be termed a strong global force. It should be noted that more than 180 million people, representing more than 3 % of the world’s population, live in other countries. At the inception of the 21st century, the immigration rates and patterns observed, were different from the ones seen more than 50 years back. Keeping in view the insurgency that has resulted from alarming immigration rates, the economic impacts of immigration will be assessed in detail.
10. The Migration Patterns
Immigration can be termed as one of the most prominent features in terms of the economic and social landscapes of the developed regions. According to one estimate, more than 27 million people in Europe were nationals and citizens of foreign countries. This estimate is helpful in giving a partial idea about the dominant immigration patterns in Europe.
The direction of immigration in North American and European regions are asymmetric. While migration rates into the developed countries still continue to be strong, the structures and compositions of the source countries have been also been changing in a continuous manner. According to a survey, most of the immigrants in American now come from Asian and Latin American regions. Similar changes in source composition have also been seen in a number of European countries.
- The Economic Impact
One of the very first effects of high immigration rates is one the salaries and wages of the native citizens. The effects can be understood through an analysis of the immigration rates versus the earnings of the natives. The resulting wage equations show that with the increasing immigration rates, the salaries and earnings of the natives have been reduced. For this reason, a number of riots and processions have been witnessed in the countries like USA, UK, Germany and many more. The citizens of these countries are of the view that their government should ensure employment for them as it is their responsibility.
- High Immigration Rates Can Cause Problems
It is also argued that their government should exercise complete control over the immigration rates in order to ensure that the citizens remain unemployed. On the other hand, the governments of developed countries prefer to allow migration in order to meet the shortage of labor market conditions. Immigration rates increase in those times when the government realized that the benefits of high immigration rates outweigh the costs.
- The Earning Gap is increasing
There are a number of studies that an earning gap exists between the citizens and the immigrants in most developed countries. The main question here is that who is able to earn more? There is a general consensus that the natives, despite of their resentment over high rates of immigration, still earn more than the foreign nationals. However, in the past few years, the gap has been reduced significantly. In other words, if an immigrant is more competent and skilled than a native worker, he or she will be preferred.
- Secularism can be Costly
All secular countries and regions are of the world are of the view that they treat people with respect regardless of their caste, ethnicity or place of origin. Another important dimension to consider is that more strict regulations and acts are being passed in the developed regions of the world due to which immigration to these regions will become a tiresome process. It can be said that the years that follow will be marked for decreasing rates of immigration. In terms of the earning gap, there are a number of other factors that will need to be considered.
- be prepared
All countries need to pay close attention to the immigration patterns. The analysis above asserts that the native workers and citizens are the ones who are the most effected by high rates of immigration. In addition to the economic impacts of uncontrolled immigration, there are also several other effects.
- Terrorism and Crime
Terrorism and high crime rates are often linked to the immigrants. Not only the developed but also the underdeveloped countries face similar issues primarily due to the increasing rates of immigrants.
- High Unemployment
It can also be said that the mechanisms of wage and high unemployment rates can be linked to high rates of migration. Researchers and analysts should assess these issues in detail in order to better understand the primary and secondary effects of immigrant.
In addition to focusing their efforts on controlling immigration, the leading countries of the world need to be come up with alternatives. Instead of sharing the resources of your own people with others, government should focus on strengthening economic ties with underdeveloped regions so that their people might not need to immigrate.